“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today”– Malcom X
It is said that, whenever you want to create a big change in your country, first you need to change the education policy of that country.
In India it has begun, The Ministry of education, Goverment of India has announced the new education policy and we are going to explain the new policy changes, benifits and the structure of it.
National Education Policy (NEP) is a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country. India till now had three NEP, first came in 1968 and the second in 1986, under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi respectively; The third is the NEP released 29th July 2020 under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi.
NEP has major recommendations in higher education, such as
- Replacing the UGC and the AICTE with the Higher Education Commision of India.
- Providing path to foreign players in higher education system
- Introduction of a four-year multidisciplinary undergraduate programme with multiple exit options.
- Discontinuation of the M Phil programme.
In school education, the policy focuses on overhauling the curriculum, “easier” Board exams, a reduction in the syllabus to retain “core essentials” and thrust on “experiential learning and critical thinking”.
The previous policy (1986) was structured so that students have to study 10 + 2 format. NEP has pitched for a “5 + 3 + 3 + 4” design to the following corresponding age groups –
1. 3 to 8 years (foundational stage)
2. 8 to 11 years (Prepatory stage)
3. 11 to 14 years (Middle stage)
4. 14 to 18 (secondary stage)
And the age group of 3 to 5 (also known as pre-school education) comes under the ambit of formal schooling.
The NEP says students until class 5 should be taught in their mother tongue or regional language.
Colleges and school also must aim to become multidisciplinary by 2040.
This post is not gonna focus on the details but we will focus on the impact because of the change of structural design in education system.
Impact of Education System
Indian textbooks have shaped in a way British influence, we don’t know the complete actual history of our nation as a generation of ongoing students and the system is structured to produce minds which are capable of inputinput process – output.
How you learn new things, by reading a book or by experimenting and experiences, but the system is such that you remember the textbook and at the exam time, write it down, and you can become the top student in class.
This approach needs to change, our focus needs to be to create an environment where individual genius can find Rythm, where there is opportunity and methods to explore than to memorize.
That’s where a society can be in it’s best form, and change in education system can be the first step.
Thank you for reading this.
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Learn more in details in this website link – Hindustan Times